3.表明比照的詞匯手法：parallel，rival，match，differ from，like，unlike，different from等;
4.表明比照的句型構造：in the same way;as…as等。
Britain almost more than any other country in the world must seriously face the problem of building upwards, that is to say, of accommodating a considerable propor-tion of its population in high blocks of flats. It is said that the Englishman objects to this type of existence, but if the case is such, he does in fact differ from the inhabit- ants of most countries of the world today. In the past our own blocks of flats have been associated with the lower-income groups and they have lacked the obvious provi- sions, such as central heating, constant hot water supply, electrically operated lifts from top to bottom, and so on, as well as such details important not withstanding(但是), as easy facilities for disposal of dust and rubbish and storage places for baby car-riages on the ground floor, playgrounds for children on the top of the buildings, and drying grounds for washing. It is likely that the dispute regarding flats versus(對，對立)individual houses will continue to rage on for a long time as far as Britain is con-cerned. And it is unfortunate that there should be hot feelings on both sides whenever this subject is raised. Those who oppose the building of flats base their case primarily on the assumption(想象)that everyone prefers an individual home and garden and on the high cost per unit of accommodation. The latter ignores the higher cost of provi- ding full services to a scattered community and the cost in both money and time of the journeys to work for the suburban resident.
We can infer from the passage that
A. English people, like most people in other countries, dislike living in flats
B. people in most countries of the world today are not opposed to living in flats
C. people in Britain are forced to move into high blocks of flats
D. modern flats still fail to provide the necessary facilities for living
本題查核依據上下文進行揣度的才能。盡管標題說we can infer from the passage that…，但實際上答案出在本篇最初的兩句話。第二句話強調指出，英國人(在住房疑問上)的確與當今世界上很多國家的居民有著不一樣的觀點。假設英國人對立住高層公寓，那么世界上很多國家的居民便不對立住高層公寓，因而答案是B。假設閱覽時能注意到表明比照的詞組“differ from”和榜首流“most”，就知道英國人與世界上很多國家的居民在住高層公寓方面構成比照，做這道題時就簡單多了。
A rapid means of long-distance transportation became a necessity for the United States as settlement(新拓居地)spread over farther westward. The early trains were impractical curiosities, and for a long time the railroad companies met with trouble-some mechanical problems. The most serious ones were the construction of rails able to bear the load, and the development of a safe, effective stopping system. Once these were solved, the railroad was established as the best means of land transportation. By 1860 there were tho~usands of miles of railroads crossing the eastern mountain ranges and reaching westward to the Mississippi. There were also regional southern and west-ern lines.
The major problems with America's railroad system in the mid 19th century lay in
A. poor quality rails and unreliable stopping systems
B. lack of financial support for development
C. limited railroad lines
D. lack of a transcontinental railroad
本題問的是19世紀中葉美國鐵路體系存在的疑問。作者在第三句中指出，其時最嚴峻的技能疑問是the construction of rails able to bear the road和the development ofa safe，effective stopping system，所以答案為A項。這個疑問與該句的比照考點(榜首流)相聯系The most serious ones were…